Neuerscheinung! Policy advice in technology assessment

Artikelvorschau fuer Policy advice in technology assessmentBauer, Anja & Kastenhofer, Karen (2019): Policy advice in technology assessment: Shifting roles, principles and boundaries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 139: 32-41.

Over past decades, the notion of policy advice in technology assessment (TA) has widened, going beyond traditional advice in the form of expert opinions by adding a broad range of brokerage activities. Concomitantly, the roles of scientific policy advisors have diversified.
Based on an empirical study of advisory practices at the Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, we ask which advisory roles TA practitioners adopt. Our study shows that practitioners take up multiple roles: the decisionist advisor, the deliberative practitioner, the governance facilitator, the engaged academic, and the agenda-setter. These roles vary, inter alia, in the dominant modes of policy advice and the aspired function in politics and society and correlate with specific project and advisory constellations but also with paradigmatic beliefs of TA practitioners. Our analysis further exemplifies how these roles differ in a) the reference to and interpretation of core principles such as scientificity, neutrality and relevance and b) their strategies of managing the boundary between science and politics. Thus, the article goes beyond the mere statement “TA has politics” by illustrating how the politics of TA manifests in distinct ways in different roles of TA practitioners in policy advice.

Link zum vollständigen Artikel

Podiumsdiskussion: Wird Climate Engineering salonfähig? Eine Standortbestimmung für Klimaforschung und -politik

Sind international vereinbarte klimapolitische Ziele noch ohne Climate Engineering Maßnahmen erreichbar? Also Methoden, die gezielt dazu eingesetzt werden könnten, die atmosphärische CO2-Konzentration zu senken oder die Strahlungsbilanz der Erde zu beeinflussen. So würde der anthropogen verursachte Klimawandel abgeschwächt oder kompensiert werden. Können diese Methoden eine sinnvolle Ergänzung zur Reduktion von Emissionen sein? Und wie sind sie im Hinblick auf Umsetzbarkeit, ökologische Nachhaltigkeit und soziale Gerechtigkeit zu bewerten?

Fragen, die in der öffentlichen Podiumsdiskussion mit renommierten Personen aus Forschung, Zivilgesellschaft, Politik und Wirtschaft diskutiert werden. Dazu laden das Deutsche-Forschungsgemeinschaft-Schwerpunktprogramm zu Climate Engineering und das Museum für Naturkunde Berlin am 15. Mai um 19:30 Uhr in den Sauriersaal.

Die Veranstaltung findet im Rahmen eines internationalen Fachworkshops des SPP-Projektes CE-SciPol2 (Daniel Barben/Nils Matzner) statt.

Weitere Informationen

 

 

 

„Ex Machina“ (2015) – ein Film von Alex Garland

Was passiert, wenn ein Roboter ein Bewusstsein entwickelt? Und wie verhält es sich mit dem Machtanspruch des Menschen über Maschinen?

Liebe Studierende, das Institut für Technik- und Wissenschaftsforschung lädt zum ersten gemeinsamen Filmeabend.

Wann: 15.01.2019, 18:30
Wo: Raum O1.09, K-Gebäude
Film: „Ex Machina“ (2015) – ein Film von Alex Garland

Im Anschluss gibt es eine kleine Diskussionsrunde über die Inhalte des Films. Für Snacks und Drinks ist natürlich gesorgt.

Das Institut für Technik- und Wissenschaftsforschung freut sich auf ein zahlreiches Kommen!

Neuerscheinung! Verantwortungsvoll das Klima manipulieren?

Vorschaubild der Neuerscheinung von Matzner; Barben 2018Matzner, Nils; Barben, Daniel (2018): Verantwortungsvoll das Klima manipulieren? Unsicherheit und Verantwortung im Diskurs um Climate Engineering. In Nina Janich, Lisa Rhein (Eds.): Unsicherheit als Herausforderung für die Wissenschaft. Berlin: Peter Lang, pp. 143–178. (Deutscher Beitrag mit englischem Abstract)

At the Paris Conference 2015, international climate policy reached an agreement to limit global warming to a maximum of 2°C (if possible 1.5°C). As this ambitious goal may not be met with conventional mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it could require the development of new climate engineering (CE) technologies. CE is defined as the intentional, large- scale intervention into planetary systems in order to slow down global warming. Two key issues pertaining to CE that have been raised to date are uncertainty and responsibility (e.g., different kinds of uncertainty CE will bring about, different approaches to responsibly dealing with global warming and CE, respectively). In this article, we will conduct a discourse analysis of “uncertainty” and “responsibility” in five discourse arenas – i.e., science, policy, science- policy interface, NGOs and think tanks – showing how articulations of uncertainty and responsibility vary between as well as within arenas. We will conclude that neither “uncertainty” nor “responsibility” provide any clear guidance on how to deal with CE and global warming but that, instead, one has to comprehend how divergent aspects of uncertainty and responsibility are articulated and framed such that they constitute competing approaches to governing CE and global warming.

Link zum vollständigen Artikel

2nd STS Austria Conference an der AAU, 17.-19.9.2018 – Programme

 

STS Austria-Conference Programme-2018 08 10

General information plus hotels restaurants-STS Austria 2018

„Politik(beratung) aus dem Computer“ (Gastkommentar von Dr. Anja Bauer für das aktuelle APA-Science Dossier zu Simulationen in der Forschung)

http://science.apa.at/dossier/Politik_beratung_aus_dem_Computer/SCI_20180628_SCI79155173843097922

74 Prozent der Deutschen sind nur dann für technische Neuerungen, wenn sie mit sozialen Werten wie Umweltschutz oder Gerechtigkeit harmonieren

Das ist nur eines der Ergebnisse, die das Projekt TechnikRadar hervorbrachte. Die Studie will ein langfristiges Monitoring darüber bieten, was die Deutschen über Technik denken. Das Projekt wird für die ersten drei Jahre von acatech (Deutsche Akademie für Technikwissenschaften) und der Körber-Stiftung gefördert. Der Projektgruppe gehört unter anderem Daniel Barben, Vorstand des Instituts für Technik- und Wissenschaftsforschung der AAU, an.

Weiterlesen

Extended deadline: June 3.! Deadline verlängert bis zum 3. Juni! 2nd STS Austria Conference an der AAU, 17.-19.9.2018

STS Austria-Call for Papers-extended deadline-2018 05

Achtung!

Extended deadline: June 3.! Call for the 2nd STS Austria Conference at the AAU University Klagenfurt, 17.-19.9.2018

Deadline verlängert bis zum 3. Juni! Call for Abstracts für die 2. STS Austria Konferenz an der AAU, 17.-19.9.2018

Visiting Scholar Speaker Series

Institut für Technik- und Wissenschaftsforschung / Department of Science, Technology & Society Studies

Friday, 1 December 2017, 3 – 5 pm; Sterneckstrasse 15, S.2.16

 

Invisible Search

Dr. Jutta Haider (Information Studies, Dep. of Arts and Cultural Sciences, Lund University, Sweden)

 

With digital tools now permeating most aspects of society, the use of search engines has become integral to everyday life on many levels. Searching for recipes or the bus timetable, for medical advice, for old neighbourhood photos or the weather report, searching for work-related documents, legal guidance or for the whereabouts of former colleagues, all this is done instantaneously on the same interface and using the same devices, thus inscribing itself into various parts of life. Search permeates myriads of social practices and everyday life on all levels, but it often remains invisible. It appears simple and is done effortlessly. Yet, this effortless simplicity with which online search intersects with everyday life in so many different situations hides an astounding complexity and various strands of research traditions that have since a long time been dealing with different aspects of search and search engines. In fact, an entire set of considerations comes to the fore relating to issues such as the ways in which social practices are integrated with technology, with understandings of what information might be and do in a certain situation, how to make sense of it in a specific context in relation to search algorithms or in which ways to trust or question it. Furthermore, being searchable is today not only often seen as a feature of information, information is also molded to fit the algorithmic shape provided by the tools used for searching, which more often than not is a web search engine.

 

The use of search engines is curiously dispersed and centralised at the same time. It is dispersed across a vast array of social practices in which it has acquired close to naturalised positions, while it is commercially and technically centralised and controlled by a handful very dominant companies, especially one extremely powerful global player, Google. In the course of this, we can call it, double movement search engines increasingly develop into “suggest engines”, thus merging even further into the background made-up of everyday routines. Ultimately this search-ification of society and the concurrent mundane-ification of search relates to the way in which an increasingly invisible information infrastructure is entangled across culture and its practices and also to which means we have at our disposal for understanding and making sense of these entanglements. In this presentation I draw on empirical work carried out in Sweden to reflect on some of the ways in which search is complicit in shaping the informational texture of issues and of how online search is entangled across practices and situations. I will primarily refer to work carried out in the project Knowledge in a digital world: Trust, Credibility & Relevance on the Web”, funded by the Swedish Research Council, and present some key components of a forthcoming book.

Workshop ‘Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice’

Einladung zum Workshop

‘Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice’

Was bedeutet verantwortungsvolle Forschung und Innovation in der Praxis?

Zeit: 15. November 2017, 10.30-18.00 Uhr

Ort: Hotel Weitzer, Grieskai 12-16, 8020 Graz

 

weitere Info: http://ifz.at/Media/Dateien/Downloads-IFZ/News/RRI-Workshop_151117