Scientists and researchers have been conducting intensive research into the further development of autonomous factories in the framework of the European “SemI40” project (Power Semiconductor and Electronics Manufacturing 4.0). Under the leadership of Infineon Austria, 37 partners from science and industry have made decisive progress in the development of processes and methods for Industry 4.0 applications over the past three project years. The result: a unique security concept for networked communication of factories, a quality leap in the production process, plus significant improvements in energy efficiency.
While the consequences of smoking, drinking alcohol, being active etc. have been carefully researched and are well understood as far as life expectancy is concerned, very few studies explore how individual decisions which result in becoming a parent or getting married influence the probability of dying and causes of death. Miguel Portela (Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal) and Paul Schweinzer (University of Klagenfurt, Austria) have recently conducted studies using data from Great Britain. Their biblically inspired conclusion is: “Let the little children come to me.”
Stephan Leitner realized at an early stage that he is a numbers person among the business and economics specialists, someone who feels more comfortable with the quantitative subjects than with the “softer” subjects. Today, following his recent habilitation, the newly minted associate professor pursues his research at the Department of Management Control and Strategic Management, where he is working on models that calculate the decision-making behaviour in companies as well as the effects of decisions, taking into account the behavioural sciences.
At the Olympic Games in Sochi 2014, Russia’s ice hockey “dream team”, programmed for gold, lost to Finland during the quarter finals following a series of disappointing games. They were eliminated even though the team was effectively comprised entirely of superstars, the most powerful individual players from all of the nation’s teams. Was it a simple coincidence, or is there a systematic explanation?
“Presenteeism” is the term used to refer to the behaviour of people in employment who go to work despite being ill. This widespread phenomenon has far-reaching consequences, not just for the individuals concerned, but also for the companies and for the entire economy. Heiko Breitsohl is working to create a greater awareness of this tricky issue.
What has travelled by road to reach us until now could be delivered by drones in the future. This has many advantages: Poor rural transport infrastructure or persistent congestion in large cities can be bypassed. In 2013, Amazon was among the first to announce the intention to deliver goods using small autonomous drones. But when might this technology truly become part of our daily lives? Drone researcher Pasquale Grippa provides some answers.
In November 2016, the Constitutional Court of Colombia decided to grant the Río Atrato personality rights. The judgement was published in May 2017. As part of his doctoral thesis, the geographer Moremi Zeil is investigating the framework conditions, causes and – above all – the consequences of this judgement.
The transparency of spending money depends on the mode of payment used: cash, single-function cards that offer only a payment function, or multifunctional cards which may also include bonus programmes, user identification or other functions. A recent study has shown that the recall accuracy associated with the act of paying is lower for both card formats than it is for cash transactions.
Die (berufliche) Erwachsenenbildung zählt zu den Branchen, in denen der Anteil an freien Dienstverträgen und „Neuen Selbstständigen“ überdurchschnittlich hoch ist. Mit diesen atypischen Beschäftigungsformen gehen oft prekäre Arbeitsbedingungen wie fehlende soziale Absicherung, vergleichsweise schlechtere Entlohnung und/oder Befristungen einher. Robert Klinglmair und Florian Kandutsch untersuchten, welche Auswirkungen sich daraus für die Arbeits- und Lebensbedingungen im Weiterbildungssektor ergeben.
Risk management instruments could prevent many so-called undesirable events in hospitals. However, for these tools to work efficiently, a safety culture is required, which needs to be introduced and implemented gradually. Šehad Draganović is investigating how this might be achieved.