The prevalence of mental disorders among older people is greater than previously assumed

Previous studies have largely assumed that the prevalence of mental disorders declines with old age. The results of a new large-scale study with innovative diagnostic methods conducted in six European countries reveal that, considering the previous year retrospectively, approximately one third of the respondents in the age group between 65 and 85 had suffered from a mental disorder, and roughly one quarter were mentally ill at the time of the interviews. The results have now been published in the renowned “British Journal of Psychiatry”.   

Read more

Andrea Tonello and his former PhD student Alberto Pittolo received the prestigious IET 2016 Premium Award for the Best Paper published in IET Communications over the past two years

The paper “Physical layer security in power line communication networks: an emerging scenario, other than wireless” is a landmark paper that sheds new light on the information theoretic limits for secure communications in power line communication (PLC) channels.

Read more

Biomass turnover time in ecosystems is halved by land use

In order to improve our understanding of climate change and to increase the predictability of future dynamics, it is necessary to gain a better understanding of the global carbon cycle. To date, little is known about the average time carbon is stored in biomass, before it passes back into atmosphere or soils (biomass turnover time), and the factors influencing this key parameter also remain largely unknown. Now, a new publication in Nature Geoscience shows that biomass turnover time in vegetation is halved as a result of human influence.

Read more

Pharmaceutical advertising: A combination of information & emotion produces the best results

A new study, which takes a close look at the acceptance of advertising for non-prescription medications, has recently been published as a comprehensive book publication. The investigation focused on the pharmaceutical markets in the USA, in Germany, Austria and Brazil.

Read more

Self-aware computing systems

Knowledge about oneself and how this influences one’s behaviour are well-established concepts from the fields of psychology and cognitive science. Over the past five years, an international team of researchers has studied how these concepts can be applied to computing systems, and the results have recently been published in a book.

Read more

Highly prominent product placements tend to benefit from 3D movies, while placements with low prominence lose out

Product placements in movies are omnipresent. But how do modern film technologies, particularly the 3D technology, influence the memory of brands placed in movies? A new study has revealed that only brands placed very prominently benefit from 3D as compared to 2D technology, while the memory of less prominent and more subtle placements tends to dwindle. In the case of 4D movies (3D enhanced with scent), the memory was weakest.  

Read more

Sustainability science: New book on society-nature interaction

A new book, which is published just in time for the 3rd ISA Forum of Sociology 2016 in Vienna, comprehensively presents the current state-of-the-art of the Vienna School of Social Ecology. The conceptual repertoire of Social Ecology is exemplified by a cornucopia of empirical studies presenting exciting new research.

Read more

Optimal consolidation of public finances

Slovenia, struggling with a crisis-ridden economy, takes centre stage in a new FWF-funded research project, in which researchers strive to figure out the strategies required for the optimal consolidation of public finances.

Read more

Wissenschaft und Kunst reflektieren europäisches Kulturerbe

Gibt es ein harmonisches europäisches Kulturerbe, oder ist es nicht im Gegenteil so, dass die europäische Kultur durch ihre Konflikte und historischen Brüche gekennzeichnet ist? Ist es möglich, festgefahrene Fronten zu überwinden, um zu einer europäischen Imagination zu kommen, in der Differenzen und Widersprüche selbstverständlicher Teil des Gemeinsamen sind? ForscherInnen und Kulturschaffende in neun europäischen Ländern gehen dieser Frage in einem EU-Horizon-2020-Projekt nach. Anfang Mai treffen sie sich in Klagenfurt zu einer Auftaktveranstaltung.

Read more